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Charles M. Breder Jr. Collection

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Journals and Logbooks

Papers and Drawings

Photographs

Transcriptions and Data Rescue/CEDAR



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Charles M. Breder Jr. Collection, 1914-2004 | Mote Marine Laboratory

By Erin Mahaney, Gail Donovan, Tricia Chua

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Collection Overview

Title: Charles M. Breder Jr. Collection, 1914-2004Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1930-1980

Primary Creator: Breder, Charles M. (Charles Marcus) Jr (1897-1983)

Extent: 19.0 Linear Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: This collection is arranged by material type, then alphabetically and chronologically within each series.

Subjects: American Museum of Natural History, Andros Island (Bahamas), Bahamas, Battery Park (New York), Bimini Islands (Bahamas), bird banding, blue holes (Andros Island, Bahamas), Breder, Ethel, Cabbage Key (Florida), Cape Haze Marine Laboratory (Cape Haze, Fla.), Carnegie Institute of Washington -- Tortugas Laboratory, Charlotte Harbor (Fla.), Clark, Eugenie, Dry Tortugas (Fla.), fish locomotion, flying fishes, hatchery, ichthyology, Key West (Fla.), laboratory, larval fishes, Lerner Marine Laboratory (Bimini, Bahamas), Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas (Florida), Mexican blind cave fish, Nassau (Bahamas), New York Academy of Sciences, New York Aquarium, New York Zoological Society, Osteichthyes, Palmetto Key (Florida), Sandy Hook (New Jersey), Sargasso Sea, Seahorse, Statue of Liberty, tarpon, teleosts, United States -- Bureau of Fisheries, West Indies - West Indies, British, Woods Hole (Massachusetts)

Languages: English

Abstract

The Charles M. Breder Jr. Collection (1914-2004) includes meticulously detailed handwritten journals and logbooks complete with graphs, charts, tables, and illustrations. The content of these journals includes notes, itineraries, illustrations, and observations from specific scientific expeditions and laboratory research. They also provide an insight into the early meticulous scientific thoughts of this biologist, and how he examined and developed ideas. The collection also includes original drawings and sketches by Dr. Breder, and copious amounts of film, undeveloped, and negatives, as well as print photographs of all sizes.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Dr. Charles M. Breder Jr. was a prominent ichthyologist associated with numerous U.S. marine and biological societies and organizations. Breder also served as the interim director of Mote Marine Laboratory in 1967. The collection materials span 1914-2004, with the bulk of the materials covering 1920-1980. This collection includes 28 handwritten field and laboratory journals, a species log from Sandy Hook Bay, New Jersey, a selection of hand-drawn fish illustrations, a personal bibliography and chronology of his work, and two record cartons of photographs depicting research expeditions, sea voyages, marine specimens, and Breder’s colleagues and acquaintances. Finally, the work done by scientists in the early 2000s in transcribing and digitizing sections of Dr. Breder’s journals is included in a series to show context and background for this exciting collection.

Collection Historical Note

Dr. Charles M. Breder Jr. was an experimental and behavioral ichthyologist. Dr. Breder’s pioneering research in ichthyology helped draw attention to the west coast of Florida. He was the mentor and long-time friend of Mote’s founder, Dr. Eugenie Clark, who is known world-wide as the “Shark Lady.” He served as interim director of Mote Marine Laboratory in 1967 and spent many years as research associate in residence and member of the board of directors at Mote.

Dr. Breder is known for his work on the reproductive, schooling, and social behaviors of fishes, with a special interest in flying fishes and fish locomotion, as well as the evolution and behavior of blind cave characins (historical name) or characids from Mexico.[1] He was involved in new research and discoveries in bird banding, tarpon tagging, flying fish, fish locomotion, and fish sound recordings. In the mid 1930s Breder developed a method for hatching and growing flying fish larvae, and his research program at the New York Aquarium developed a way to control the progressive acidification of seawater in aquariums.[2]

Dr. Breder published over 160 papers and books over the course of his life, beginning at age 18. By age 21 he had published 15 popular articles and notes and had started his theoretical and experimental studies on fish locomotion.[3] In 1925 the New York Academy of Sciences awarded him the A. Cressy Morrison Prize for his pioneering and penetrating analysis of fish locomotion. Among his achievements he described at least 5 new genera and 23 new species.[4] In 1948 another ichthyologist, Fernández-Yépez, named a new species of belonid, Ichthyacus breederi, in honor of Dr. Breder. (The fish is now called Hyporhamphus brederi). Dr. Breder was affiliated with a variety of organizations throughout his life, including the United States Bureau of Fisheries, the New York Aquarium, the New York Zoological Society, the Lerner Marine Laboratory (Bimini), New York University, the American Museum of Natural History, and the Cape Haze Marine Laboratory (later Mote Marine Laboratory).

Dr. Breder’s work and papers span much of the 20th century. While his earliest works date from 1914 and his journals go well into the 1970s, the bulk of his papers appear to be from 1920-1945. While an exciting time for scientists, these interwar and World War II years formed a backdrop for the research done by prominent scientists of the day. Operating at the time was the Carnegie Lab in the Dry Tortugas, the Bass Biological Laboratory in Englewood, Florida, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, the American Museum of Natural History, and more. The scientific community shared common work locations and often corresponded. Another Mote Library Special Collection, the Bass Biological Laboratory, contains correspondence that illustrates the level of communication among scientists.

[1] Atz, 1986; Cantillo, 2001.

[2] Atz, pp. 854, 1986.

[3] Clark, 1995.

[4] Atz, pp. 855, 1986.

Biographical Note

Dr. Charles M. Breder Jr. was an experimental and behavioral ichthyologist. Dr. Breder’s pioneering research in ichthyology helped draw attention to the west coast of Florida. He was the mentor and long-time friend of Mote’s founder, Dr. Eugenie Clark, who is known world-wide as the “Shark Lady.” He served as interim director of Mote Marine Laboratory in 1967 and spent many years as research associate in residence and member of the board of directors at Mote.

Subject/Index Terms

American Museum of Natural History
Andros Island (Bahamas)
Bahamas
Battery Park (New York)
Bimini Islands (Bahamas)
bird banding
blue holes (Andros Island, Bahamas)
Breder, Ethel
Cabbage Key (Florida)
Cape Haze Marine Laboratory (Cape Haze, Fla.)
Carnegie Institute of Washington -- Tortugas Laboratory
Charlotte Harbor (Fla.)
Clark, Eugenie
Dry Tortugas (Fla.)
fish locomotion
flying fishes
hatchery
ichthyology
Key West (Fla.)
laboratory
larval fishes
Lerner Marine Laboratory (Bimini, Bahamas)
Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas (Florida)
Mexican blind cave fish
Nassau (Bahamas)
New York Academy of Sciences
New York Aquarium
New York Zoological Society
Osteichthyes
Palmetto Key (Florida)
Sandy Hook (New Jersey)
Sargasso Sea
Seahorse
Statue of Liberty
tarpon
teleosts
United States -- Bureau of Fisheries
West Indies - West Indies, British
Woods Hole (Massachusetts)

Administrative Information

Repository: Mote Marine Laboratory

Alternate Extent Statement: This collection measures 16 linear feet and consists of paper, diacetate film, glass plate negatives/lantern slides, print photographs, slides, bound works, and tracing paper.

Use Restrictions:

Copyright by Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Florida. It is permitted to use materials on this site for non-commercial educational and personal purposes. You may copy these materials for classroom and personal use, so long as the copies contain all applicable copyright and trademark notices.

For all other uses, please contact the Arthur Vining Davis Library @ (941) 388-4441 ext.333

Preferred Citation: Charles M. Breder Collection, Arthur Vining Davis Library and Archives, Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Florida, 34236

Processing Information: This collection is processed to the file unit level, with the photograph series undergoing item-level description.

Other URL: https://dspace.mote.org/dspace/handle/2075/2907


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Journals and Logbooks, 1926-1974],
[Series 2: Papers and Drawings, c.1908-1976, 1994-1995],
[Series 3: Photographs, c.1920s-1990s],
[Series 4: Transcriptions and Data Rescue/CEDAR, 2000-2004 (1984, 2010, 2011)],
[All]

Series 1: Journals and Logbooks, 1926-1974Add to your cart.
Creators:
Breder, Charles M. (Charles Marcus) Jr (1897-1983)
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Atlantis Expedition, 1934Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Bacon Andros Expedition, 1932-1933Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Bimini, British West Indies, 1946-1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
1 of 3.
Folder 4: Bimini, British West Indies, 1949-1950Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
2 of 3.
Folder 5: Bimini, British West Indies, 1951-1955Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
3 of 3.
Folder 6: New Hampshire and New Jersey, 1935-1938, c.1959Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Ecuador, 1942-1943, 1946, 1950, 1952, 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Field Notes, 1972-1974Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Florida, 1958-1959Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
1 of 8.
Folder 4: Florida, 1959-1960Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
2 of 8.
Folder 5: Florida, 1960-1962Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
3 of 8.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Florida, 1961-1963Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
4 of 8.
Folder 2: Florida, 1963Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
5 of 8.
Folder 3: Florida, 1963-1964Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
6 of 8.
Folder 4: Florida, 1964-1965Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
7 of 8.
Folder 5: Florida, 1965-1970, 1972-1974Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
8 of 8.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Home, 1952-1964Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Home Notes, 1936-1951Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Hypothetical Considerations, 1931-1937Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Life Data, n.d.Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Mexican Cave Expedition, 1940-1941Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Palmetto Key, Florida, 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Personal Bibliography, 1915-1976Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 4: Record Book of the Wyanokie Zoological Station, 1927Add to your cart.
Multiple authors.
Folder 5: Short Field Trips not included in Special Journals, 1926-1928Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Trip to Dry Tortugas, 1929Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Trip to Nassau, Bahamas, 1930-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Wyanokie Zoological Station, 1928Add to your cart.
Multiple authors.
Folder 4: Field Expedition: Natural History Museum, 1946Add to your cart.
Breder not author.
Folder 5: Log Book Palmetto Key, 1938-1942Add to your cart.
Breder not author.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Journals and Logbooks, 1926-1974],
[Series 2: Papers and Drawings, c.1908-1976, 1994-1995],
[Series 3: Photographs, c.1920s-1990s],
[Series 4: Transcriptions and Data Rescue/CEDAR, 2000-2004 (1984, 2010, 2011)],
[All]


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